What Can Goldfish Eat At Home? (Human Food + Alternatives)

There are times when we run out of goldfish food or we want to provide a balanced diet for fish. One question that often gets asked is:

“What can goldfish eat at home?”

At home, goldfish can eat vegetables and fruits such as peas, lettuce, spinach, grapes, orange, and watermelon. For certain vegetables, you may have to boil them at home prior to feeding your beloved goldfish.

Check out this chart below for more information on what your goldfish can eat.

Cucumber SlicesBanana
Sweet PotatoesRaspberries
Lima Beans

Goldfish are among the most popular pet choices globally. However, only a handful of people know or learn how to raise them well so that they look lively, healthy, and vibrant.

Just keeping them in a spacious and well-equipped aquarium is not enough; you should feed them well too. 

When it comes to food acceptance, goldfish are on your side. They will happily go for whatever you offer them if it is small enough to be eaten. However, you must ascertain that the food you are offering is healthy and that your fish will benefit from it.

Think Beyond Fish Food

Don’t get us wrong, we are all in for fish food. It is highly nutritious and offers just the right mixture of proteins, carbs, and fatty acids. However, if you want to see your goldfish healthy and lively, don’t solely rely upon the fish food products and instead offer your pet some variety.

what can goldfish eat at home

You can pick up several items from the pantry or buy them from a nearby shop to appease your pet’s taste buds. 

Just remember to opt for low-fat food options; protein and carbs should be your top priority.

You can boil and then chop up vegetables like peas, lettuce, spinach, carrots, and cauliflower, to name a few. 

Similarly, fruits like oranges, watermelons, grapes, mangoes, and pears are also excellent for goldfish. You can chop them up nicely and then create a mixture for your pet.

But don’t get too excited. Feed with moderation, no more than what your pet can take within two minutes.

Treat Your Pet Occasionally

The thing with treats is that you can’t offer them all the time. It’s not because they are expensive (which some of them might be) or that they require effort from your part (which they do), but rather to ensure that your pet gets a balanced diet. 

You can try out worm meals, chopped squid pieces, shrimp meal, duckweed, and other highly nutritious options, but only in moderation.

But be sure to keep these treats at a minimum because they only offer a particular nutrient in excess and not a balanced diet.

Not Everything Is Appropriate for Your Goldfish

It is a common sight to witness people throwing bits of bread to goldfish in ponds. 

Although the fish will gulp them up nice and quick, like the culinary enthusiasts they are, bread is not ideal fish food.

You should avoid it all costs. As it passes through your pet’s gut tract, it will swell up and block your fish’s intestine, causing constipation or even death.

Betta Food for Goldfish

betta food for goldfish
chemmie1976 | Pixabay

Fish foods are specifically created to cater to the needs of a said species. Betta food is ideal for betta fish, and goldfish food is perfect for a goldfish.

This is because both of these species have a differing nutrient requirement. Bettas need a predominantly protein-rich diet, while goldfish don’t need as much protein (they do need them but in different proportions). 

This means that you should not use betta food for your goldfish.

Turtle Food for Goldfish

The same principle applies here. In fact, if you are keeping a turtle in a tank, don’t add a goldfish to the same enclosure.

Since both are messy creatures, it can compromise the water quality and lead to health problems.

Frequently Asked Questions

For questions related to “What Can Goldfish Eat At Home,” check the following commonly asked questions below. If you can’t find it on here, ask away!

What human food can you feed a goldfish?

When it comes to human food, you can feed your goldfish boiled vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, kale, spinach, or peas. You can also feed your goldfish fruits such as apples and bananas. To check out the list, scroll to the top of this article.

Can goldfish eat oatmeal?

You can feed your goldfish oatmeal at home. Goldfish are known to love feeding on oatmeal.

Can goldfish eat chicken?

Goldfish will eat almost anything. You can feed your goldfish chicken or beef according to pets.thenest.com. Your goldfish will surely enjoy it! Just don’t overdo it though!

Can goldfish eat rice?

Goldfish will be content with rice as their meal. They will eat just about anything due to their high caloric needs. If you’re planning on feeding your goldfish rice, make sure that the grains rice is boiled as soft as possible. This will help make it easier for your goldfish to consume it.

How can you tell if your goldfish is happy?

You can tell if your goldfish are happy if they aren’t floating in their aquarium tank. Another sign to tell if your goldfish is happy is if your fish is constantly swimming. If you notice usual behaviors, make sure to check out this list of 15 goldfish diseases. Feeding a goldfish well and maintaining a clean/healthy aquarium will benefit them in the long run!

From VivariumTips, 


Be sure to feed your goldfish with pellets and flakes designed specifically for it and not for another species. Offer variety in their diets and even give occasional treats but remember to keep things moderate.

If you enjoyed reading this article “What Can Goldfish Eat At Home,” you might also enjoy reading other goldfish-related content!

If you have any comments, suggestions, or questions related to goldfish – post below!

[amazon bestseller=”goldfish food” items=”3″ ]